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How Implants Work – An Insight into Osseointegration

If you suffer from a missing tooth or existing teeth that are causing you to feel self-conscious or making it difficult to eat or want to replace dentures with a more stable alternative, it might be time to consider dental implants as a long-term and natural-looking solution.

A fun fact to start: the word osseointegration derives from the Greek ‘osteon’ (bone) and the Latin ‘integrare’ (to make whole). Let’s explore the ins and outs of the whole teeth implant process as perfected by dentists today!

What is osseointegration?

Osseointegration is the process by which a living bone fuses with a dental implant or other type of surgical implant, such as a joint replacement. In other words, it is the formation of a structural and functional connection between the living bone and the surface of the implant. This process allows the implant to become a part of the body and creates a stable base for the attachment of prosthetic devices, such as dental crowns, bridges, or dentures.

How does osseointegration of dental implants work?

Osseointegration is a critical factor in the success of dental and orthopaedic implants. It occurs over a period of several weeks to months, during which the implant is gradually integrated into the surrounding bone tissue. The extent and speed of the osseointegration of dental implants can be affected by various factors, such as the quality and quantity of the bone, the design and surface properties of the implant, and the patient’s overall health and immune response.

Learn more about osseointegration implants as Dr Gurs Sehmi explains below:

The osseointegration implants process

The process of osseointegration involves the following steps in the case of dental implants:

1. Placement of teeth implants

A dental implant is a small, screw-shaped metal post that is surgically inserted into the jawbone. The implant is usually made of titanium, which is biocompatible and can fuse with bone tissue.

2. Healing phase

After the implant is placed, the jawbone undergoes a healing process known as osseointegration. During this phase, the bone tissue grows and attaches itself to the surface of the implant, forming a strong bond.

3. Formation of new bone

As the bone tissue fuses with the implant, new bone tissue is formed around it. This process is known as bone remodelling and helps to ensure the stability and longevity of the implant.

4. Attachment of the abutment

Once the osseointegration process is complete, a small connector called an abutment is attached to the implant. The abutment acts as a support for the dental crown, bridge, or denture that will be attached to the implant.

Proper post-operative care, such as good oral hygiene and regular check-ups with the dentist, can also help ensure the success and longevity of the dental implant.

What are the benefits of osseointegration in dental implants?

Osseointegration is at the heart of dental implantation and brings many advantages. Just a few of these are highlighted below:

  • Osseointegration allows your jawbone to develop around the implanted dental device, which creates a strong root for improvised teeth.
  • Bone loss is prevented as osseointegration implants stimulate the jawbone to help maintain bone density and volume.
  • Dental implants work to preserve your natural jaw structure and maintain a proper chewing function.
  • Osseointegrated implants can last a lifetime when properly cared for.
  • Quality of life is improved as your ability to eat, speak and smile confidently is improved by teeth implants.

Am I suitable for dental implants?

Osseointegration implants are a good way to replace missing teeth. Most people can have dental implants, but there are a few exceptions (such as certain lifestyle habits or medical conditions) so work with your dentist to find an alternative if so.

If you want to learn more about the osseointegration process and how tooth implants can benefit you and your smile, just get in touch. We’re happy to help!

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